Biryani or 'Biriyani' like we say it in south india ... is a special dish cooked with mainly rice, chicken , vegetables , spices and herbs.
Since it contains so many things together its a complete meal and very satisfying.
Its so aromatic that it's smell makes you really craving for it . Because of its wide popularity it is used in partys , wedding functions etc
The special ingredients causing its unique flavour are Ghee(clarified butter used mainly in Indian cooking) & the spices bay leaves , cloves,cardamom, cumin , cinnamon , coriander , turmeric and bit of chilly . Green cardamoms are used mainly in south indian biriyanis while big black cardamoms are a must in north indian ones.
Non vegetarian Biriyanis include,
& Beef biriyani
Also vegetarian biriyani is prepared for veg lovers with different vegetables like Peas , carrot , green beans, onions , Bell pepper ..etc.
Each place has got its customized version for Biriyani, with slight changes from here & there.
Bombay , Sindhi , Awdhi(Lucknow), Madras ,Hyderabad,Kozhikode biriyani are all popular biriyani versions from different sides of india.
Meat is either cooked separate from the rice & then later mixed to it OR cooked together with rice. This way of cooking meat inside the rice is called 'Dum style ' Biriyani.
Another Indian rice dish pretty much similar to Biriyani is fried rice or pullao( or even said pulav) in which the gravy mixture is not prepared like in Biriyani.
Peas Capsicum Pulao